E-Learning

- E-Learning

1-1 Introduction:
The world has seen in recent years a number of relevant political, economic and social dimensions, cultural and educational challenges and formed these challenges with its various dimensions starting point for many calls for the need to reform the educational system in all its inputs, processes and outputs, especially in light of the current system’s inability to meet the challenges created by the transformation of the world of industrial society to society My Information. For this, many nations are racing to reform their educational systems in order to prepare its citizens for a new world. To meet these challenges and transitions must be free from traditional education in the curricula of educational and Mnactna which today has become a necessity, no longer target only to give knowledge the student and the facts only, but also extended to the development of skills and abilities and build character to be able to interact with the contemporary changes and able to new life industry based on the subordination of sovereignty does not teach according to his religion and his community. That what is witnessed by the present era of rapid changes in various technical, economic, social and scientific fields affect and affect the core of the educational structures for individual and educational institutions and the system of intellectual and cultural construction of society. This requires dealing with these variables high capacity to adapt and initiative in accordance with the principles of the society and the cultural and religious points of departure. It is the responsibility of educational institutions in the provision of the brunt of these initiatives according to socially and culturally acceptable formulas. There is no doubt that the revolution in information technology and means of communication has turned the world of today to the electronic village where fade temporal and spatial barriers Vqrepett distances and still the political and cultural barriers. This change imposes on educational institutions that offer solutions to take advantage of them and using them in the educational fabric in line with the objectives and basic tenets. It also imposes them to submit the initiative to take advantage of technology in the educational process to raise output. The integration of technology in teaching and learning process is no longer a luxury but has become a vital requirement for the development of infrastructure and educational structures for the technical courtesy of a quantum leap in the re-drafting of the comprehensive approach in its conception and increase the level of educational director and so less effort and better quality.
1-2 definition of e-learning:
E-learning in general is the use of electronic and computer media in the delivery of information to the learner transfer process, and there are over for this use such use may be in the simple image such as using electronic means to assist in the process of presenting information or to take lessons in traditional classrooms, as well as the optimal investment of electronic and computer media in building virtual classrooms through the Internet and interactive television technologies. And it can be e-learning definition of an ideal that: expand the concept of teaching and learning process to go beyond the walls of the traditional classroom and starting multiple sources have techniques and interactive distance learning essential the role of the rich environment so that the formulation of the role of both teacher and learner returned, and this is evident through the use of computer technology automated support in the selection and management of teaching and learning process and at the same time, the e-learning is not a substitute for the teacher but rather strengthen its role as a supervisor and prompt and orderly management of the educational process and in line with the developments of the modern age.
1-3 goals of e-learning:
The access to the gate of modern technologies must be based on specific goals to be achieved through this access is to achieve the greatest interest, and to this end, we see that the most important objectives to be achieved from e-learning as follows:
1 provide a rich and multi-source learning environment serve the educational process in all axes.
2 reformulation of roles in a way that made the teaching and learning process in line with the developments of educational thought.
3 create incentives and encourage communication between the educational process system Kaltoasl between home and school and the school and the surrounding environment.
4 Education modeling and presented in a standard image. The lessons progress in a typical image and distinctive educational practices can be replicated. Examples of typical questions that banks, plans typical of lessons, optimization of image and sound technologies and related multimedia.
5 transmission of educational experiences through the creation of channels of communication and forums enable teachers and trainers, supervisors and all those interested in the educational affairs of the discussion and exchange of views and experiences via a specific location gathered them all in a virtual room despite the long distances often.
6 prepare a generation of teachers and students unable to cope with the technical skills and age and the tremendous developments taking place in the world.
7 on the dissemination of technical assistance in the community and make it a community educated electronically and kept pace with what is going on in the ends of the earth.
1-4 and the benefits of e-learning in the educational process features:
Paradigm shift in learning and applying modern theories in the development of education and improve teacher performance and master the principles of cooperative education and individual learning to make e-learning a special place among these being a vocabulary to achieve the following objectives:
1. expand the perceptions of students and teachers by having links (Links) with scientific and theoretical and entertainment to their interests relationship sometimes.
2. The speed of change and the development of curricula and programs on the Internet in line with the ministry’s plans and requirements of the times without expensive additional costs, as is the case in the development of the programs, for example, laser discs.
3. overcome all obstacles to the arrival of the scientific material (curriculum, references, …) to students in remote locations and even beyond that to the outside of the borders of countries.
1-5 e-learning strategies.
Many teachers believe that the opportunity provided by the field of e-learning, the most important and largest of the obstacles they may face during done, as the required minute arrangements for e-learning improvement of teaching skills in general pattern and their feelings towards their students. Thus, the challenges posed by the e-learning system which, offset by opportunities for:
- Access to the largest audience of students.
- Meet the needs of students who are unable to attend classes classroom for certain reasons in some days of the year.
- The establishment of a link between students from different socio-economic and cultural areas within a specific geographic area.
And it can sum up the e-learning strategies as follows:
* Improved planning and organization
When you make a modification or development on the subject of e-learning, content remains constant President of the subject in general, although the view the e-learning requires an additional new plans and time for preparation has been overrun an advanced stage in this area.
Proposals for the planning and organization of curricula provide remote include the following:
1. curriculum planning process Start studying specialized in the field of e-learning research results and look at past experience in this area in developed societies and communities parallel.
2. Before you develop something new, review the available materials about the offer ideas secured.
3. to understand and analyze the strengths and weaknesses own style delivery positions available in front of you then (such as voice, audio, image, data, and publications). In terms of how they will plug all the way (such as satellite, short wave radio, optical link and slides, etc …) in terms of the needs of

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