The experiences of the application of e-learning globally and regionally

The experiences of the application of e-learning globally and regionally:
There are a number of countries in the developed and even third world countries of the world have the experience of a leader in the application of different systems of education electronic began using tools offer help to clarify some of the concepts and experiences and ended Btbaiq sophisticated systems for distance education, the following are some of these experiences:
Experiences of developed countries:
The shift from conventional systems in the areas of life to the digital life is one of the most civilized society attributes, and this guide on paper these communities, and follower of the evolution of life to the digital world noticed that these topics Thoudy interest the States at the highest levels within the tight planning for the deployment of information technology areas in all walks of life, Below we review the experiences of some of these developed countries:
2-1 Japan’s experience: I started Japan’s experience in the field of e-learning in 1994 a project of TV network broadcast school educational materials by videos for schools on demand through the (cable) as a first step for distance education, and in 1995 began to Japan known as the “project percent school “where he was equipping schools to the Internet for the purpose of experimentation and development activities, academic and educational software through the network, and in 1995 of the Commission’s work has prepared educational policy in Japan, a report to the Ministry of Education, proposing that the Ministry is to provide a regional information system for the service to lifelong learning in all Japanese Province, as well as the provision of educational software center in addition to establishing a national center for information, the Commission has developed for the training of teachers and members of the education authorities on this new technology plans and this is supported by the Japanese government for the fiscal year 1996/1997 budget as approved preparation software center for libraries education in every province and support research and development in the field of educational software and support new technologies and special education scientific research as well as support for all activities related to distance education, as well as support the employment of internet networks in schools and educational faculties, to then start a new phase of modern education, and Japan is now of the countries that apply the teaching methods Email talk formally in most Japanese schools.
2.2 The experience of the United States of America: in a scientific study conducted in 1993 found that 98% of primary schools and secondary education in the United States has a computer for every nine students, and at the present time, the computer is available in all American schools by (100%) without exception, is the information technology decision makers in the US administration six of the most important issues in American education, and in 1995 completed all the American States plans to computer applications in the field of education. States and began a race against time for the application of distance education and employment in its schools methodology, and focused on the process of training teachers to help their colleagues and help students as well, and the provision of infrastructure for the operation of the devices computer networks linking schools with each addition to effective educational software to become part of the the curriculum, and we can say that the introduction of computers in education and its applications is no longer a national plan, but is the foundation of the curriculum in all.
2-3 Malaysian experience: in 1996 put the Commission on comprehensive development of the Malaysian state comprehensive technology plan to make the country into the ranks of developed countries has been a symbol of this plan (Vision 2020), while the symbol of education in this plan (The Education Act 1996). One of the main objectives of this plan is the introduction of the computer and connect to the Internet in each semester of school classes. It was expected to be completed this plan (on education) by the year 2000 AD, if not the economic aftershock that befell the country in 1997. However tethered Internet schools rate reached in December 1999, more than 90%, and in the classroom 45%. And called the Malaysian schools that apply technology in the classroom, “Smart Schools” (Smart Schools), and Malaysia aimed to circulate this kind of schools throughout the country. With regard to infrastructure has been linked to all schools and universities in Malaysia spinal column of fast fiber-optic network, which allows the transfer of large service multimedia video information transfer packages.
2-4 Australian experience in Australia, there are a number of Ministries of Education, in every state and independent ministry, so Faalanjarat in the field of technical uneven from state to state. And unique experience in Australia is in the state of Victoria, where the Ministry of Education Victorian plan for the development of education and technical introduction in 1996 that this plan expires at the end of 1999 after being linked all state schools to the Internet via satellite, has already been done . The state of Victoria has taken a unique procedure in which not one where preceded proceeded to force the teachers who do not want to deal with the computer on early retirement and leave work. And it was actually the retirement of 24% of the teachers and replace them with others. The experience of the state of Victoria from unique on a global level in terms of speed and totalitarian experiments. Technical and become available in each semester,

Sound system and computer image and meetings

Sound system and computer image and meetings. Look at the issue of the establishment of visits between the classrooms and another that was feasible.
- Contact with each location or student per week if possible, especially at the beginning of the application of the electronic system of study, students who do not participate during the lesson the first record, and contact them individually after the end of the lesson.
- Make students are magazine about the outcome of their ideas about the content of the school quota, as well as about their progress on a personal level, but does provide students and send topics of this magazine from time to time to form the outcome of the data of interest.
- Make sure that the students individually all of them are available to them a great opportunity to interact. At the same time politely and then deliver a firm desire to certain individuals or sites that stop the monopoly of class time to themselves.
- Then by making you think about the tasks written in detail, with reference to additional sources for supplementary information. And then restart those tasks without delay forums or by e-mail if practicable.
* Provide the student needs
The work requires effectively generate a feeling among the students comfortable with the nature of education and distance learning. Where efforts should be made to harness the delivery system to motivate students and suited their needs best, in terms of the content of my favorite forms of learning tools. The following are strategies that help meet the needs of students:
- Help students to get used to and feel comfortable with the technology Plug and prepare them to become able to solve the technical problems that can show them during their access to information or processed. And focus on solving common problems instead of blaming the technical difficulties that may occur from time to time and so we Rschena students’ style of cooperative education.
- Promote awareness and satisfaction among students about the new contacts that will be used during the school quota systems by providing modern and developed means of communication make the student in constant contact with your curriculum educational site.
- To deal sensitively with disparate communications systems and multi-cultural backgrounds. For example, it should be remembered that students may differ in their language abilities, and sense of humor a matter of cultural specificity, so it will not be absorbed in the same way by everyone.
- Understanding and study of the social and cultural background of the students and their experiences of distance education strategies.
- Remember that students need to exercise an active role in the seminar that came remotely by taking the reins of responsibility in regard to their learning independence.
- Sufficient awareness of the needs of students in terms of compatibility with conventional timings for periods of the presence of students in their schools, taking into account the time that is wasted in many cases, the issue of access of information across networks of low quality.

Learner and curriculum requirements

Learner and curriculum requirements, prior to the selection of the right mix of educational technology.
4. The training technological connection is important for both teachers and students. Where it can be to meet a precondition for students grade their delivery through the use of technology, and learn the roles and responsibilities of the technical support team through it.
5. At the beginning of class to meet your students to begin a frank discussion on the identification of rules and standards and basic lines. Once that process becomes list, stuck to these rules continuously.
6. Make sure that all the sites are equipped with work and communication equipment. Also created a hotline free to advertise their problems and corrected.
7. Start the appropriate number of sites and students so easy for you to manage. The difficulties in the provision of human and material resources and increasingly agitated in the e-learning with each new site introduces.
* The use of effective teaching skills
E-learning in order to be effective, this requires an increase and strengthen the skills that already exist more than the development of new capabilities as the consolidation of what is the basis for the consolidation of what is coming.

Pay attention in particular to the following:
Arise, and a study of realistic about the amount of material that can be delivered effectively through share classes. Because of factors (logistics) (providing electronic appliances and equipment, space and create classrooms or laboratories, etc.), as the provision of particular content remotely, usually require more time than he needs the same content in the traditional classroom for several reasons, the most important direct contact inside class room.
Attention and taking into account the difference in the education style and disagreeing when students, some of them easily learn through the organization on the basis of a group of so-called cooperative education, while others innovate when they work independently, a so-called self-learning.
The type of school activities and share with Mark as evolutionary in nature and avoid lengthy lectures.
Distributed method of displaying content with discussions and exercises that focus on students.
Give a human face to share the school, focusing on students and not on the communication system and how to present the information.
Think about the use of printed material as an integral part of the non-print materials.
Use case studies and examples of the local dimension as much as possible, so as to help students understand and apply the quota academic content. The higher the share of work during the school faster, the better.
Use brief and short sentences with a clear sense of direct questions and taking into account that technological links may increase the time that the student is required to respond.
Developed plans to strengthen the students in terms of evaluation, Redo, and means of communication. To achieve this, the discussions via forums and send e-mail from one person to another may be effective.
With time, participants will deal better with the e-learning process, and will return the normal position about effective teaching.
Finally, participants will increase a sense of comfort with e-learning process with time.
* Improving mutual interaction and feedback
The use of effective plans for mutual interaction and feedback from the teacher can identify and achieve individual needs of the students and that by finding a model for suggestions on improving the share of school. To improve interaction and feedback adopted the following:
- Use the preparatory questions before the start of the lesson and push students to encourage analytical thinking hard, with the involvement of all learners, and be aware that improve poor communication systems takes time.
- At the beginning of classes ask students to do contact with you and to share with each other e-mails, which makes them feel comfortable with the process as a whole, and so they may share in the electronic newspaper together.
- Combine a variety of means of conduction of mutual interaction and feedback, to include dialogue (IM) from person to person and group dialogues (own material specific methodology chat rooms) as well as forums and e-mail

E-Learning

- E-Learning

1-1 Introduction:
The world has seen in recent years a number of relevant political, economic and social dimensions, cultural and educational challenges and formed these challenges with its various dimensions starting point for many calls for the need to reform the educational system in all its inputs, processes and outputs, especially in light of the current system’s inability to meet the challenges created by the transformation of the world of industrial society to society My Information. For this, many nations are racing to reform their educational systems in order to prepare its citizens for a new world. To meet these challenges and transitions must be free from traditional education in the curricula of educational and Mnactna which today has become a necessity, no longer target only to give knowledge the student and the facts only, but also extended to the development of skills and abilities and build character to be able to interact with the contemporary changes and able to new life industry based on the subordination of sovereignty does not teach according to his religion and his community. That what is witnessed by the present era of rapid changes in various technical, economic, social and scientific fields affect and affect the core of the educational structures for individual and educational institutions and the system of intellectual and cultural construction of society. This requires dealing with these variables high capacity to adapt and initiative in accordance with the principles of the society and the cultural and religious points of departure. It is the responsibility of educational institutions in the provision of the brunt of these initiatives according to socially and culturally acceptable formulas. There is no doubt that the revolution in information technology and means of communication has turned the world of today to the electronic village where fade temporal and spatial barriers Vqrepett distances and still the political and cultural barriers. This change imposes on educational institutions that offer solutions to take advantage of them and using them in the educational fabric in line with the objectives and basic tenets. It also imposes them to submit the initiative to take advantage of technology in the educational process to raise output. The integration of technology in teaching and learning process is no longer a luxury but has become a vital requirement for the development of infrastructure and educational structures for the technical courtesy of a quantum leap in the re-drafting of the comprehensive approach in its conception and increase the level of educational director and so less effort and better quality.
1-2 definition of e-learning:
E-learning in general is the use of electronic and computer media in the delivery of information to the learner transfer process, and there are over for this use such use may be in the simple image such as using electronic means to assist in the process of presenting information or to take lessons in traditional classrooms, as well as the optimal investment of electronic and computer media in building virtual classrooms through the Internet and interactive television technologies. And it can be e-learning definition of an ideal that: expand the concept of teaching and learning process to go beyond the walls of the traditional classroom and starting multiple sources have techniques and interactive distance learning essential the role of the rich environment so that the formulation of the role of both teacher and learner returned, and this is evident through the use of computer technology automated support in the selection and management of teaching and learning process and at the same time, the e-learning is not a substitute for the teacher but rather strengthen its role as a supervisor and prompt and orderly management of the educational process and in line with the developments of the modern age.
1-3 goals of e-learning:
The access to the gate of modern technologies must be based on specific goals to be achieved through this access is to achieve the greatest interest, and to this end, we see that the most important objectives to be achieved from e-learning as follows:
1 provide a rich and multi-source learning environment serve the educational process in all axes.
2 reformulation of roles in a way that made the teaching and learning process in line with the developments of educational thought.
3 create incentives and encourage communication between the educational process system Kaltoasl between home and school and the school and the surrounding environment.
4 Education modeling and presented in a standard image. The lessons progress in a typical image and distinctive educational practices can be replicated. Examples of typical questions that banks, plans typical of lessons, optimization of image and sound technologies and related multimedia.
5 transmission of educational experiences through the creation of channels of communication and forums enable teachers and trainers, supervisors and all those interested in the educational affairs of the discussion and exchange of views and experiences via a specific location gathered them all in a virtual room despite the long distances often.
6 prepare a generation of teachers and students unable to cope with the technical skills and age and the tremendous developments taking place in the world.
7 on the dissemination of technical assistance in the community and make it a community educated electronically and kept pace with what is going on in the ends of the earth.
1-4 and the benefits of e-learning in the educational process features:
Paradigm shift in learning and applying modern theories in the development of education and improve teacher performance and master the principles of cooperative education and individual learning to make e-learning a special place among these being a vocabulary to achieve the following objectives:
1. expand the perceptions of students and teachers by having links (Links) with scientific and theoretical and entertainment to their interests relationship sometimes.
2. The speed of change and the development of curricula and programs on the Internet in line with the ministry’s plans and requirements of the times without expensive additional costs, as is the case in the development of the programs, for example, laser discs.
3. overcome all obstacles to the arrival of the scientific material (curriculum, references, …) to students in remote locations and even beyond that to the outside of the borders of countries.
1-5 e-learning strategies.
Many teachers believe that the opportunity provided by the field of e-learning, the most important and largest of the obstacles they may face during done, as the required minute arrangements for e-learning improvement of teaching skills in general pattern and their feelings towards their students. Thus, the challenges posed by the e-learning system which, offset by opportunities for:
- Access to the largest audience of students.
- Meet the needs of students who are unable to attend classes classroom for certain reasons in some days of the year.
- The establishment of a link between students from different socio-economic and cultural areas within a specific geographic area.
And it can sum up the e-learning strategies as follows:
* Improved planning and organization
When you make a modification or development on the subject of e-learning, content remains constant President of the subject in general, although the view the e-learning requires an additional new plans and time for preparation has been overrun an advanced stage in this area.
Proposals for the planning and organization of curricula provide remote include the following:
1. curriculum planning process Start studying specialized in the field of e-learning research results and look at past experience in this area in developed societies and communities parallel.
2. Before you develop something new, review the available materials about the offer ideas secured.
3. to understand and analyze the strengths and weaknesses own style delivery positions available in front of you then (such as voice, audio, image, data, and publications). In terms of how they will plug all the way (such as satellite, short wave radio, optical link and slides, etc …) in terms of the needs of

PC acts as a teacher

) PC acts as a teacher:
Computers that can effectively act as a teacher, and by providing it with some simple programs, and then the learner training on how to use such programs. In light of this, the computer has the task of explaining the lessons in all courses, and the task of training the learners, and testing, and to show results and save, and edit letters for each student entitled to know the outcome. Any computer that acts as a teacher’s role is almost to be integrated in terms of training and the explanation and clarification of errors, and then assess the learner in terms of its level and its ability to scientific achievement.
2) provide immediate feedback.
Based computer to provide instant feedback for each individual learner, and diagnose weaknesses, and audit-related, and clarification and to facilitate the difficult concepts.
It is intended instant feedback in the field of computer not only strengthen the right response, but also address the special learner and correct errors. As the learning happens when you strengthen the right to respond in real time, this happens, the computer learning effective because it goes beyond mere strengthening of the right response, the learner to diagnose and correct the errors.
3) motivate learners to learn.
The computer because it means a sophisticated explanation, but its potential clear and abilities in the presentation of course material, device has the power to attract the learner to learn, and because of the ease of use of this device is the rapid display of information that focus on different types of knowledge that lies behind that information, it is a catalyst for information for learners to do more experiments, and thus to learn more in terms of quantity and quality.
This is in addition to that it can show that the computer is an incentive for learners to receive various types of knowledge through many ways including:
* The computer reward learners who use it, and the reward in this case moral.
* The computer-related course material in terms of content and structure and logical sequence motive because learners learn seriously and interesting.
* The strong desire of the students – through their determination to programs – to work to solve the problems they face in mathematics.
This shows that the computer has the attention of the educated and interested in the degree of proficiency academic article related to it, also try to apply what has been learned in solving a lot of math problems, this is what was observed when teaching computer rapporteur of passion educated more learning and actual practice on the PC, and try some of them design a variety of programs for various types of different problems.
4) assist in the development of thinking.
The computer instrumental in solving many of the problems facing the learner, and that the information that resulted from the computer always rebuild human thinking technology, which in turn can improve the mental development of the learner, learner through computer technology and the associated information to him able to guess and analyze problems Educational more sophisticated manner. Therefore, the computer encourages individual learning which will only be achieved through the allocation of a computer for each learner individually. Or as much as possible to limit the number of learners on all computers (only two on each machine).
To sum up, the computer is an effective way for individual learning, and that if used properly used, in terms of in-depth study him, and exploit all its potential, and the perception of sound bases to be used in accordance with the environment surrounding it.
5) assist in the development of self-learning.
Of computer self-learning ability development through research and investigation about how to solve the various problems that correspond to the learner using programming, it is evident from the rise in the collection of the learner in a lot of educational material that has been the use of a computer in her study, and educational programs designed for users grow their learning property Self-than those who do not use these programs actually used.