the difficulty of keeping direct experience

4 – a rare direct experience.
5 – direct experience may take a long time.
6 – direct experience random system within the classroom may occur.
7 – the difficulty of keeping direct experience.
So the teacher resorted less than direct experience levels to rectify these difficulties, but always effective participation between different types of methods are most effective and most efficient
The importance of teaching aids (teaching techniques)
It is no longer the adoption of any education system on educational means a form of luxury, but has become a necessity to ensure the success of these systems and embedded in the structure of its system 0
Although the beginning of the reliance on teaching aids in the teaching and learning processes have old historical roots, it was soon evolved Mtlahaka great lately with the advent of modern educational systems 0
Teaching aids has passed a long phase during which evolved from one stage to another until it reached the highest stage that we are witnessing today in light of the theory of association with modern communication Communication Theory and its dependence on the entrance Systems Approach systems
The importance of teaching aids:
Occupy teaching aids a prominent place among the educational input to the multiplicity of benefits and are of paramount importance to the teachers, planners, educators because of their importance in that it leads to stimulate student interest and satisfy his need to learn then surely that the various educational means Krahlat, models and films educational and photographers offers a variety of experiences takes them every student achieves objectives and interests him a student who goes out on a trip to the seaside may find it in play and Tourism enough to satisfy his needs, while at the same cares Last collect shells and snails and raise a lot of questions around. The higher the educational experiences through which the learner closer to realism has become a concrete meaning and relevance to the objectives and can also be through the use of teaching aids diversify experiences that readies school and practice meditation and reflection becomes a school that field for the growth of the student in all directions and is working to enrich the areas of expertise that passes by Thus, common to all the senses of the student in the learning processes leading to the consolidation and deepening of this learning and help teaching aids the formation of useful interconnected relationships established between what students learn and that’s when share senses in the formation of the new experience and linked to previous experiences and see that the teaching aids if the best teacher use and target identification and clarification of them in the mind of the student leads to an increase in the positive participation of the student to gain experience and develop his ability to meditate and accuracy of observation and follow the scientific thinking this method leads to improving the quality of learning and raise the level of performance when the student. As we can see that the educational means through which to diversify teaching methods to meet the individual differences among students, it is known that students differ in their abilities and aptitudes. Some of them achieves a high level of achievement when listening to explain the theoretical to the teacher and to provide a few examples and some of them increasingly learned about the way visual experiences such as watching movies or slides.
The role of teaching aids in improving the teaching and learning process:
Educational Media can play an important role in the educational system. Although this role is more pronounced in the communities where it was this flag, as evidenced by the conceptual development of the field on the one hand, many of the technical education in the education and training programs and contributions as referred to in the literature of the field, but that this role in Arab societies generally do not exceed usage Some traditional means – if any – without a direct impact on the learning process and the lack of regular use of the method, which emphasizes attic contemporary concept of technology education 0
The role played by educational means to improve the teaching and learning process:
First: the enrichment of Education:
Studies and research made it clear (since audio-visual education movement) and through the following contracts that educational methods play an essential role in enriching education through the addition of dimensions and special effects and distinct programs. This role of the means of education reaffirms the research results about the importance of teaching aids in the expansion of the experiences of the learner and to facilitate the construction of concepts and overcome geographical and natural border There is no doubt that this role is doubled because of the rapid technological developments that have made around the school environment is a challenge to the teaching methods and school learning what abounds by this environment from a variety of means of communication messages presented an exciting and bright and attractive ways.
Second: Economic Education:

What is the educational community?

Multiple, and through its leading role in the various concepts that bring understanding display, and offers of topics and skills of a variety of changing the concept of educational means where he mocked to teach different concepts and give a variety of skills through student interaction with educational material, which contribute to the mental and sensory and motor of student skills development through e-learning solutions.
Today, the world is entering the third millennium, education has become a different path, where he became information network (Internet) a prominent role in education, it has invested this role to activate this network in education through the educational community, to make a quantum leap in education.

What is the educational community?
The educational community is a scientific forum through the information network (Internet) combines the student teacher and guardian complementary elements of the educational process increase the effectiveness of learning and raise the quality of education outcomes. In most cases, this includes the education community
1. E-mail: educational community is characterized by constant communication and send messages at different times and different messages include attachments.
2. dialogue: the teacher and his students from the neighborhood about various topics in the scientific article they teach this dialogue can and students can actively participate in enriching lessons and inquire directly about some related topics.
3. Community: a fashionable way to search for answers from multiple parties Valmenendaat can be general and specific educational community can be a special part of this community, which is a means of communication is directly to find solutions to educational or educational serve this community.
4. Notebook: The instruction institutions aimed to love planting system in the minds of their students, and through the Notepad can students learn to organize his appointments and duties and look at the dates of the study or during the separation of public and private diaries.
5. Polls: Polls can get through the collective views on the issue raised by the school administration, or a group of users of the site in preparation for making a decision about what specific issue.
6. Page user or own favorites: the student needs to collect some of the lessons and solutions or links or forums related to its decisions of study, as well as the teacher needs to be some links that serve the process of obtaining Enrichment information, as well as the parent may need to follow up his son through private messages from school, and all this is through the work of “favorite” which may contain messages the user, the user’s bookmarks, user’s personal information, settings, user-specific, user-specific Notepad, and other things determined by the educational institution.
Second: electronic curriculum

Electronic curriculum means learning support student can from which to recall his lessons and communicate with the teacher material via the Internet as a guide and prompt for the completion of the educational process properly, and probably the most educational sites methodology put e-book course contain separate from the additional explanation that contains exercises and questions additional scientific experiments and so on, and often, there are elements that must exist in the course material, including the introduction and containing brief summary of the contents of the article and how to address them and the most important practical aspects which, goals for every material educational and behavioral goals address the various issues can be to manage the school to add on these objectives, content which is about the topics the main index in the article in which they can move to the lesson directly, the public notepad which is about Structured dates, such as dates of tests article or review, etc., Notepad own a notepad the student can be accessed through any material or from Home, a forum article for each material a special forum to exchange students with their teachers Related topics article they teach, links to article Each article links help to understand the subject matter, he can count every user to add links and preview links were added from other users, dialogue article is concerned with all material Square for discussion neighborhood between students per article and their teacher can engage a specialist from outside the school to enrich the debate on a specific topic, terms in Arabic, offers a full explanation of the most important words of the material that sees the teacher importance explained, utilities material is divided into two parts:
• Part I: services that can be provided and associated service such as: the student needs to be some tools such as a calculator and a ruler.
• Part II: services needed by the student to complete the study of matter, so it should help the teacher as well, for example, a reference or a specific program or Vgar or Maekeroscob.
Questions Bank Bank offers questions for the student or the teacher detailed list of questions and answers relating to article. Students can also add questions Bojobtha or without them, which can be sent to teachers to help solve them, e-book provides wrote Aldarcyh curriculum Saudi Arabia on the Internet so that the user can browse, and use their parts, the curriculum (using multimedia) developed a curriculum rich contents of information for each item with animation and interactive sound and image, text contribute to the provision of high-end information easily accessible and that reduce individual differences among students.

Ability to use computers and take advantage of many applications and elements of different approaches

Her experience has been praised by many, including the head of Microsoft (Bill Gates) when her private visit. The aim of the Australian and Zarhalterpah – by the year 2001 to apply the techniques Education Plan in all schools so that managers and staff and students are able to:
• Ability to use computers and take advantage of many applications and elements of different approaches.
• Permanent qualification and use of technologies in education and in the ordinary life activities, as well as in school programs
• develop their skills in the use of many of the teaching techniques.
While it is possible (91%) of the schools access to the network, the Internet (80%) of schools are using at the moment an internal local area network.
The experiences of the Gulf States:
Put the Arab Gulf states represented by the Ministries of Education plans to merge the technical education, the following review of efforts in the United Arab Emirates and the Sultanate of Oman in this area:
2-5 experience of the United Arab Emirates: adopted and the Ministry of Education and Youth to develop curricula for teaching computer subject high school project has started implementation of this project in 1989/1990 have been included in the beginning first grade secondary and II, and the project has started to prepare a curriculum first grade secondary and piloted by choosing two schools each educational area, one for boys and one for girls, and the following year was circulated experience to include all high schools in the state.
This experience and has been well accepted by students and parents as well as the goals set by the Ministry has resulted in the experiment the following results:
- I was born with the experience and awareness of parents about the importance of computers in modern life.
- Experience encouraged the teachers of other subjects to learn the computer.
- I was born with the school administration desire to use the computer in the areas of school management, making the ministry is moving towards the introduction of the computer in the areas of school administration.
- Experience of other materials made teachers look to use the computer as an intermediary for these educational materials.
Then, in the light of these experiments has been the adoption of computer teaching in middle school book was put to use computer skills within the material life skills for the first two rows and the second secondary.
Targets have been identified and the areas of the use of educational technology in education in the state in the latest educational concepts put forward for employment and educational challenges in the education process light, it reflected in the educational policy of the Userah future plans emanating from the vision of Education until 2020 and in the documents developed curricula, and These objectives are:
1. improvement and development of teaching and learning in the general education curriculum.
2. prepare students to deal efficiently with the information age and that Bacassaphm skills related to self-education and the use of computer and communication networks to gain access to sources of local and international electronic information.
3. My Information Network to develop contact between the ministry and school districts and schools to assist in decision-making positions to quickly access information related to different patterns of students, teachers, and supervisory and management bodies and others.
4. Develop training processes for teachers during the service and giving them the educational competencies required to implement the new and improved curricula, and by establishing training centers in each school district.
5. Calendar development operations by establishing banks questions each of the subjects and the expansion of the use of electronic tests.
2-6 experience of the Sultanate of Oman: The Ministry of Education in the Sultanate within the framework of the development of education to prepare a comprehensive and ambitious plan which seeks to harmonize with the development requirements of the Sultanate, has provided for the application of the basic education system, which consists of the first two phases for Basic Education and duration of 10 years divided into The first two episodes (1-4) and the second episode (5-10), and the second is the secondary stage and two-year term.
The ministry has sought to introduce computers in schools of learning resource centers, basic education to achieve the following objectives:
1. considered basic education stage the main base which will underpin the introduction of computers to schools.
2. Acquistion of students’ skills to deal with the computer.
3. The computer software used to provide multimedia capabilities help to the development of mental student and contain a huge amount of science and knowledge.
4. skill curiosity, research and self-learning and self-reliance in obtaining information from different sources development.

E-Learning

- E-Learning

1-1 Introduction:
The world has seen in recent years a number of relevant political, economic and social dimensions, cultural and educational challenges and formed these challenges with its various dimensions starting point for many calls for the need to reform the educational system in all its inputs, processes and outputs, especially in light of the current system’s inability to meet the challenges created by the transformation of the world of industrial society to society My Information. For this, many nations are racing to reform their educational systems in order to prepare its citizens for a new world. To meet these challenges and transitions must be free from traditional education in the curricula of educational and Mnactna which today has become a necessity, no longer target only to give knowledge the student and the facts only, but also extended to the development of skills and abilities and build character to be able to interact with the contemporary changes and able to new life industry based on the subordination of sovereignty does not teach according to his religion and his community. That what is witnessed by the present era of rapid changes in various technical, economic, social and scientific fields affect and affect the core of the educational structures for individual and educational institutions and the system of intellectual and cultural construction of society. This requires dealing with these variables high capacity to adapt and initiative in accordance with the principles of the society and the cultural and religious points of departure. It is the responsibility of educational institutions in the provision of the brunt of these initiatives according to socially and culturally acceptable formulas. There is no doubt that the revolution in information technology and means of communication has turned the world of today to the electronic village where fade temporal and spatial barriers Vqrepett distances and still the political and cultural barriers. This change imposes on educational institutions that offer solutions to take advantage of them and using them in the educational fabric in line with the objectives and basic tenets. It also imposes them to submit the initiative to take advantage of technology in the educational process to raise output. The integration of technology in teaching and learning process is no longer a luxury but has become a vital requirement for the development of infrastructure and educational structures for the technical courtesy of a quantum leap in the re-drafting of the comprehensive approach in its conception and increase the level of educational director and so less effort and better quality.
1-2 definition of e-learning:
E-learning in general is the use of electronic and computer media in the delivery of information to the learner transfer process, and there are over for this use such use may be in the simple image such as using electronic means to assist in the process of presenting information or to take lessons in traditional classrooms, as well as the optimal investment of electronic and computer media in building virtual classrooms through the Internet and interactive television technologies. And it can be e-learning definition of an ideal that: expand the concept of teaching and learning process to go beyond the walls of the traditional classroom and starting multiple sources have techniques and interactive distance learning essential the role of the rich environment so that the formulation of the role of both teacher and learner returned, and this is evident through the use of computer technology automated support in the selection and management of teaching and learning process and at the same time, the e-learning is not a substitute for the teacher but rather strengthen its role as a supervisor and prompt and orderly management of the educational process and in line with the developments of the modern age.
1-3 goals of e-learning:
The access to the gate of modern technologies must be based on specific goals to be achieved through this access is to achieve the greatest interest, and to this end, we see that the most important objectives to be achieved from e-learning as follows:
1 provide a rich and multi-source learning environment serve the educational process in all axes.
2 reformulation of roles in a way that made the teaching and learning process in line with the developments of educational thought.
3 create incentives and encourage communication between the educational process system Kaltoasl between home and school and the school and the surrounding environment.
4 Education modeling and presented in a standard image. The lessons progress in a typical image and distinctive educational practices can be replicated. Examples of typical questions that banks, plans typical of lessons, optimization of image and sound technologies and related multimedia.
5 transmission of educational experiences through the creation of channels of communication and forums enable teachers and trainers, supervisors and all those interested in the educational affairs of the discussion and exchange of views and experiences via a specific location gathered them all in a virtual room despite the long distances often.
6 prepare a generation of teachers and students unable to cope with the technical skills and age and the tremendous developments taking place in the world.
7 on the dissemination of technical assistance in the community and make it a community educated electronically and kept pace with what is going on in the ends of the earth.
1-4 and the benefits of e-learning in the educational process features:
Paradigm shift in learning and applying modern theories in the development of education and improve teacher performance and master the principles of cooperative education and individual learning to make e-learning a special place among these being a vocabulary to achieve the following objectives:
1. expand the perceptions of students and teachers by having links (Links) with scientific and theoretical and entertainment to their interests relationship sometimes.
2. The speed of change and the development of curricula and programs on the Internet in line with the ministry’s plans and requirements of the times without expensive additional costs, as is the case in the development of the programs, for example, laser discs.
3. overcome all obstacles to the arrival of the scientific material (curriculum, references, …) to students in remote locations and even beyond that to the outside of the borders of countries.
1-5 e-learning strategies.
Many teachers believe that the opportunity provided by the field of e-learning, the most important and largest of the obstacles they may face during done, as the required minute arrangements for e-learning improvement of teaching skills in general pattern and their feelings towards their students. Thus, the challenges posed by the e-learning system which, offset by opportunities for:
- Access to the largest audience of students.
- Meet the needs of students who are unable to attend classes classroom for certain reasons in some days of the year.
- The establishment of a link between students from different socio-economic and cultural areas within a specific geographic area.
And it can sum up the e-learning strategies as follows:
* Improved planning and organization
When you make a modification or development on the subject of e-learning, content remains constant President of the subject in general, although the view the e-learning requires an additional new plans and time for preparation has been overrun an advanced stage in this area.
Proposals for the planning and organization of curricula provide remote include the following:
1. curriculum planning process Start studying specialized in the field of e-learning research results and look at past experience in this area in developed societies and communities parallel.
2. Before you develop something new, review the available materials about the offer ideas secured.
3. to understand and analyze the strengths and weaknesses own style delivery positions available in front of you then (such as voice, audio, image, data, and publications). In terms of how they will plug all the way (such as satellite, short wave radio, optical link and slides, etc …) in terms of the needs of

PC acts as a teacher

) PC acts as a teacher:
Computers that can effectively act as a teacher, and by providing it with some simple programs, and then the learner training on how to use such programs. In light of this, the computer has the task of explaining the lessons in all courses, and the task of training the learners, and testing, and to show results and save, and edit letters for each student entitled to know the outcome. Any computer that acts as a teacher’s role is almost to be integrated in terms of training and the explanation and clarification of errors, and then assess the learner in terms of its level and its ability to scientific achievement.
2) provide immediate feedback.
Based computer to provide instant feedback for each individual learner, and diagnose weaknesses, and audit-related, and clarification and to facilitate the difficult concepts.
It is intended instant feedback in the field of computer not only strengthen the right response, but also address the special learner and correct errors. As the learning happens when you strengthen the right to respond in real time, this happens, the computer learning effective because it goes beyond mere strengthening of the right response, the learner to diagnose and correct the errors.
3) motivate learners to learn.
The computer because it means a sophisticated explanation, but its potential clear and abilities in the presentation of course material, device has the power to attract the learner to learn, and because of the ease of use of this device is the rapid display of information that focus on different types of knowledge that lies behind that information, it is a catalyst for information for learners to do more experiments, and thus to learn more in terms of quantity and quality.
This is in addition to that it can show that the computer is an incentive for learners to receive various types of knowledge through many ways including:
* The computer reward learners who use it, and the reward in this case moral.
* The computer-related course material in terms of content and structure and logical sequence motive because learners learn seriously and interesting.
* The strong desire of the students – through their determination to programs – to work to solve the problems they face in mathematics.
This shows that the computer has the attention of the educated and interested in the degree of proficiency academic article related to it, also try to apply what has been learned in solving a lot of math problems, this is what was observed when teaching computer rapporteur of passion educated more learning and actual practice on the PC, and try some of them design a variety of programs for various types of different problems.
4) assist in the development of thinking.
The computer instrumental in solving many of the problems facing the learner, and that the information that resulted from the computer always rebuild human thinking technology, which in turn can improve the mental development of the learner, learner through computer technology and the associated information to him able to guess and analyze problems Educational more sophisticated manner. Therefore, the computer encourages individual learning which will only be achieved through the allocation of a computer for each learner individually. Or as much as possible to limit the number of learners on all computers (only two on each machine).
To sum up, the computer is an effective way for individual learning, and that if used properly used, in terms of in-depth study him, and exploit all its potential, and the perception of sound bases to be used in accordance with the environment surrounding it.
5) assist in the development of self-learning.
Of computer self-learning ability development through research and investigation about how to solve the various problems that correspond to the learner using programming, it is evident from the rise in the collection of the learner in a lot of educational material that has been the use of a computer in her study, and educational programs designed for users grow their learning property Self-than those who do not use these programs actually used.